+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The therapeutic power of play: examining the play of young children with leukaemia

The therapeutic power of play: examining the play of young children with leukaemia

Child: Care, Health and Development 29(6): 523-537

The therapeutic function of play has been investigated in relation to recognized stressors such as hospitalization, illness and medical treatments for ill children. While medical treatments in the past 30 years have improved survival rates, children's psychological experiences and quality of life during and after their illness have received limited attention. The present study investigated the therapeutic effects of play on 3- to 5-year-old children with leukaemia compared with a control group of healthy children. The participants with leukaemia (n = 11) were from the external oncology clinic of an urban children's hospital; control children (n = 11) attended a day care centre. Measures included children's experience of stress, social and cognitive play behaviours, and daily mood. A series of manova revealed that the children with leukaemia, compared with the control children, engaged in (a) significantly fewer total play behaviours, and in particular less (b) parallel, (c) group and (d) dramatic play. Pearson correlations revealed significant relationships between reports of 'being happy' and play only for children with leukaemia. Quantitative and qualitative analyses revealed a pattern of repetitive play activities week after week for children with leukaemia, but not controls. Findings are discussed in light of the theoretical and practical implications for children undergoing treatment for leukaemia.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 050744331

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 14616910

DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2214.2003.00372.x

Related references

Play behaviours and play object preferences of young children with autistic disorder in a clinical play environment. Autism 10(1): 53-69, 2006

Assessing different aspects of pretend play within a play setting: towards a standardized assessment of pretend play in young children. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 28(Pt 2): 331-345, 2010

Facilitating play in hospitalized handicapped children: the design of a therapeutic play environment. Children's Health Care 16(3): 201-208, 1988

Encouragement for play--phenomenology of people who are unable to play and the therapeutic significance of play. Sogo Kango. Comprehensive Nursing, Quarterly 18(4): 8-19, 1983

I Want to Play Alone: Assessment and Correlates of Self-Reported Preference for Solitary Play in Young Children. Infant and Child Development 23(3): 229-238, 2014

Play as improvisation: The benefits of music for developmentally delayed young children's social play. Early Child Development and Care 66(1): 85-91, 1991

More than child's play: the potential benefits of play-based interventions for young children with ADHD. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 12(10): 1165-1167, 2013

Depression markers in young children's play: A comparison between depressed and nondepressed 3- to 6-year-olds in various play situations. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines 43(8): 1029-1038, November, 2002

Play of sick children and their care--play of hospitalized pre-school children and their introduction to group play. Kangogaku Zasshi 44(12): 1257-1265, 1980

Young lungs at play: preventing children's exposure to secondhand smoke in outdoor play areas in a steps to a healthier NY County. Preventing Chronic Disease 4(4): A110-A110, 2007

To Play or Not to Play: Diverse Motives for Latino and Euro-American Parent-Child Play in a Children's Museum. Infant and Child Development 23(6): 605-621, 2014

A comparative review of early forms of object-directed play and parent-infant play in typical infants and young children with autism. Autism 7(4): 361-377, 2003

Where Children Play: Young Child Exposure to Environmental Hazards during Play in Public Areas in a Transitioning Internally Displaced Persons Community in Haiti. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(8), 2018

When children play. Proceedings of the international conference on play and play environments. When children play Proceedings of the international conference on play and play environments: 355, 1985

The Power of Play: A Pediatric Role in Enhancing Development in Young Children. Pediatrics, 2018