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Theoretical investigations into the intermediacy of chlorinated vinylcobalamins in the reductive dehalogenation of chlorinated ethylenes



Theoretical investigations into the intermediacy of chlorinated vinylcobalamins in the reductive dehalogenation of chlorinated ethylenes



Journal of the American Chemical Society 127(1): 384-396



The reductive dehalogenation of perchloroethylene and trichloroethylene by vitamin B(12) produces approximately 95% (Z)-dichloroethylene (DCE) and small amounts of (E)-DCE and 1,1-DCE, which are further reduced to ethylene and ethane. Chloroacetylene and acetylene have been detected as intermediates, but not dichloroacetylene. Organocobalamins (RCbls) have been proposed to be intermediates in this process. Density functional theory based approaches were employed to investigate the properties of chlorinated vinylcobalamins and chlorinated vinyl radicals. They reveal that all vinyl radicals studied have reduction potentials more positive (E degrees >or= -0.49) than that of the Co(II)/Co(I) couple of B(12) (E degrees = -0.61 V), indicating that any (chlorinated) vinyl radicals formed in the reductive dehalogenation process should be reduced to the corresponding anions by cob(I)alamin in competition with their combination with Co(II) to yield the corresponding vinylcobalamins. The computed Co-C homolytic bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of the latter complexes range from 33.4 to 45.8 kcal/mol. The substituent effects on the BDEs are affected by the stabilities of the vinyl radicals as well as steric interactions between (Z)-chloro substituents and the corrin ring. The calculated E degrees values of the cobalamin models were within approximately 200 mV of one another since electron attachment is to a corrin ring pi-orbital, whose energy is relatively unaffected by chloride substitution of the vinyl ligand, and all were >500 mV more negative than that of the Co(II)/Co(I) couple of B(12). Reduction of the base-off forms of vinyl- and chlorovinylcobalamin models also involves the corrin pi* orbital, but reduction of the base-off dichlorovinyl- and trichlorovinylcobalamin models occurs with electron attachment to the sigma(Co)(-)(C*) orbital, yielding calculated E degrees values more positive than that of the calculated Co(II)/Co(I) couple of B(12). Thus, cob(I)alamin is expected to reduce these base-off vinyl-Cbls. Heterolytic cleavage of the Co-C bonds is much more favorable than homolysis (>21 kcal/mol) and is significantly more exergonic when coupled to chloride elimination.

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Accession: 050768127

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15631489

DOI: 10.1021/ja047915o


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