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Thin films of bicontinuous cubic mesostructured silica templated by a nonionic surfactant



Thin films of bicontinuous cubic mesostructured silica templated by a nonionic surfactant



Langmuir 20(14): 5998-6004



Thin films ofbicontinuous cubic mesostructured silica were formed using the nonionic poly(oxyethylene)-alkyl ether surfactant Brij-56 as a structure-directing agent. The synthesis conditions were chosen such that the estimated volume fraction of surfactant in the silica/surfactant films corresponded approximately to the composition at which the bicontinuous cubic phase occurs in the water/surfactant phase diagram. Small-angle X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy measurements reveal that the cubic phase corresponds to the Ia3(-)d double-gyroid structure, with some distortion due to anisotropic film shrinkage. The cubic structure grows as faceted domains that are well-oriented with respect to the substrate and often occur in coexistence with a lamellar phase. By adjusting the temperature at which the films are aged, it is possible to create films with 2D hexagonal, cubic, or lamellar structures at a single composition.

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Accession: 050780547

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PMID: 16459622


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