+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Typical patterns in road-traffic accidents during driver training: an explorative Swedish national study



Typical patterns in road-traffic accidents during driver training: an explorative Swedish national study



Accident; Analysis and Prevention 36(4): 603-608



A new law came into force in Sweden on 1 September 1993, which makes instructor-assisted driving practice possible at the age of 16 years instead of the previous 17 years and 6 months. When the age limit was reduced, the possibility that this would lead to more road-traffic accidents (RTA) during driving practice was discussed. The aim of this study was to highlight typical road-traffic accident patterns and to discuss their potential for improved training and targeted prevention. A total of 11 variables (41 categories) descriptive of the 1081 RTA involving novice drivers and police registered during the period 1994-1999 were analysed simultaneously using in turn, two multivariate analysis techniques: the Factorial Analysis of Correspondence (FAC) and the Hierarchical Ascendant Classification (HAC). Four accident classes were identified and quantified, of which the first two were more typical of rural areas: (1). accidents in rural areas on straight stretches and related to speed limit 70 km/h (n = 306); (2). accidents in rural areas on straight stretches and high-speed related (n = 97); (3). accidents in built-up areas, low-speed related and of the type rear-end (n = 289); and (4). accidents in built-up areas, at road junctions and low-speed related (n = 380). Together, these classes point to a variety of opportunities to develop ways of working with targeted prevention. Instead of adopting a general attempt to counteract the relationship between individual variables and accidents, it is possible instead to focus on a whole context and its relationship with its typical accidents and any resulting injuries. This, in its turn, allows greater specificity in the build up of the Swedish licence and training regulations and its corresponding course curriculum.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 050875599

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15094413

DOI: 10.1016/S0001-4575(03)00068-X


Related references

Road traffic accidents in a Swedish municipality. Public Health 104(1): 55-64, 1990

An epidemiologic survey of road traffic accidents in Iran: analysis of driver-related factors. Chinese Journal of Traumatology 16(3): 140-144, 2014

Road traffic accidents and self-reported Portuguese car driver's attitudes, behaviors, and opinions: Are they related?. Traffic Injury Prevention 17(7): 705-711, 2017

Epidemiology and patterns of facial fractures due to road traffic accidents in Taiwan: A 15-year retrospective study. Traffic Injury Prevention 18(7): 724-729, 2017

The patterns of facial injury suffered by patients in road traffic accidents: a case controlled study. International Journal of Surgery 5(4): 250-254, 2007

An evaluation of the official swedish statistics on seriously injured in road traffic accidents. Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine 3(1): 5-11, 1975

Some implications of driver training for road accidents in Gaborone. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 27(4): 583-590, 1995

Road accidents--their cause and prevention, with particular reference to Rhodesia. Part III. The young driver and road accidents. Central African Journal of Medicine 23(6): 121-124, 1977

Typical injury patterns in victims of various traffic accidents. Zeitschrift für Unfallmedizin und Berufskrankheiten. Revue de Medecine des Accidents et des Maladies Professionelles 72(1-2): 4-14, 1979

Alcohol-related road traffic accidents before and after the passing of the Road Traffic Safety Act in Croatia. Collegium Antropologicum 36(4): 1483-1489, 2013

Patterns of driver stress and coping strategies in a Greek sample and their relationship to aberrant behaviors and traffic accidents. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 38(5): 913-924, 2006

Self-reporting of road traffic accidents in a national survey of urban population in Peru. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental Y Salud Publica 27(2): 170-178, 2011

Patterns of acute whiplash-associated disorder in the Lithuanian population after road traffic accidents. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 47(1): 52-57, 2015

Traffic accidents and professional driver characteristics: A follow-up study. Accident Analysis & Prevention 11(1): 7-18, 1979

Participation in driver education/training courses during graduated driver licensing, and the effect of a time-discount on subsequent traffic offenses: Findings from the New Zealand Drivers Study. Journal of Safety Research 55: 13-20, 2016