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West Nile virus infection of agricultural animals in the Astrakhan region, as evidenced by the 2001-2004 serological surveys

West Nile virus infection of agricultural animals in the Astrakhan region, as evidenced by the 2001-2004 serological surveys

Voprosy virusologii 50(6): 36-41

ISSN/ISBN: 0507-4088

PMID: 16408630

Sera sampled from 2,884 farming animals in the Astrakhan region in 2001 to 2004 were investigated by the hemagglutination inhibition test (HIT) in order to indicate specific antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV). HIT-positive samples were investigated by the neutralization test (NT). WNV antibodies were detected in all the examined species of animals: horses (the proportion of positive tests throughout the observation averaged 9.8%; the agreement with NT results was 94.1%), cattle (6,4 and 72.%), camels (5.2 and 41.7%), pigs (3.1 and 75%), and sheep (2.2 and 57.1). Relationships between the environmental features of WNV in different natural zones, the infection rate, and the conditions of keeping farming animals in the Astrakhan region are analyzed.

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Accession: 050967588

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