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A KCR1 variant implicated in susceptibility to the long QT syndrome

A KCR1 variant implicated in susceptibility to the long QT syndrome

Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 50(1): 50-57

The acquired long QT syndrome (aLQTS) is frequently associated with extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors including therapeutic agents that inadvertently inhibit the KCNH2 K(+) channel that underlies the repolarizing I(Kr) current in the heart. Previous reports demonstrated that K(+) channel regulator 1 (KCR1) diminishes KCNH2 drug sensitivity and may protect susceptible patients from developing aLQTS. Here, we describe a novel variant of KCR1 (E33D) isolated from a patient with ventricular fibrillation and significant QT prolongation. We recorded the KCNH2 current (I(KCNH2)) from CHO-K1 cells transfected with KCNH2 plus wild type (WT) or mutant KCR1 cDNA, using whole cell patch-clamp techniques and assessed the development of I(KCNH2) inhibition in response to well-characterized KCNH2 inhibitors. Unlike KCR1 WT, the E33D variant did not protect KCNH2 from the effects of class I antiarrhythmic drugs such as quinidine or class III antiarrhythmic drugs including dofetilide and sotalol. The remaining current of the KCNH2 WT+KCR1 E33D channel after 100 pulses in the presence of each drug was similar to that of KCNH2 alone. Simulated conditions of hypokalemia (1mM [K(+)](o)) produced no significant difference in the fraction of the current that was protected from dofetilide inhibition with KCR1 WT or E33D. The previously described α-glucosyltransferase activity of KCR1 was found to be compromised in KCR1 E33D in a yeast expression system. Our findings suggest that KCR1 genetic variations that diminish the ability of KCR1 to protect KCNH2 from inhibition by commonly used therapeutic agents constitute a risk factor for the aLQTS.

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Accession: 051067346

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20950623

DOI: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2010.10.007

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