+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

A case-control study of risk factors for hepatitis B virus infection in North Jordan



A case-control study of risk factors for hepatitis B virus infection in North Jordan



Journal of Medical Virology 82(2): 220-223



Jordan is a country with intermediate endemicity for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection where risk factors for viral transmission and their relative contributions are not well known. A case-control study of 100 hepatitis B virus seropositive patients and another 100 seronegative controls was conducted. Univariate analysis and logistic regression model were performed to examine probable risk factors for acquisition of hepatitis B virus infections. Logistic-regression analysis showed that significant risk factors for acquisition of hepatitis B virus infection were sharing toothbrushes (odds ratio = 10.167; 95% confidence interval, 1.181-87.509), unhygienic dental care (odds ratio = 2.455; 95% confidence interval, 1.294-4.658), and living abroad for at least 1 year (odds ratio = 20.018; 95% confidence interval, 2.268-176.685). The presence of these risk factors emphasizes the need for both increasing the use of hepatitis B vaccines and risk-targeted public health education. Development and enforcement of appropriate infection control guidelines for dental care services are also necessary to curtail HBV transmission. Further research that controls for confounding factors is needed to assess the relative contribution of the identified risk factors in the Jordanian community.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 051097768

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20029796

DOI: 10.1002/jmv.21603


Related references

Risk factors of hepatitis B virus infection in Turkey: A population-based, case-control study: Risk Factors for HBV Infection. Hepatitis Monthly 11(4): 263-268, 2011

Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection in hepatitis C virus antibody ELISA-positive blood donors according to RIBA-2 status: A case-control survey. Hepatology 17(2): 183-187, 1993

A case-control study on the risk factors of hepatitis C virus infection among Koreans. Journal of Korean Medical Science 11(1): 38-43, 1996

Hepatitis B and C Virus Infection as Risk Factors Forhepatocarcinoma in Peru: Case and Control Study. Revista de Gastroenterologia del Peru 18(3): 199-212, 2002

Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection in blood donors: a case-control study. Medical Journal of Australia 157(4): 227-230, 1992

Hepatitis B and C virus infection as risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma in Chinese: A case-control study. International Journal of Cancer 56(5): 619-621, 1994

Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection in the Colombian Caribbean coast: A case-control study. Biomedica 36(4): 564-571, 2018

Case control study to identify risk factors for acute hepatitis C virus infection in Egypt. Bmc Infectious Diseases 12: 294, 2013

Case-control study to evaluate risk factors for acute hepatitis B virus infection in Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 16(1): 4-9, 2010

A case-control study of risk factors for sporadic hepatitis C virus infection in the southwestern United States. American Journal of Gastroenterology 94(5): 1341-1346, 1999

A case-control study of hepatitis B and C virus infection as risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma in Henan, China. International Journal of Epidemiology 27(4): 574-578, 1998

Risk factors for cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection: results of a case-control study. Hepatology 26(3): 776-779, 1997

Risk factors of hepatitis C virus infection in blood donors in Thailand: a multicenter case-control study. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 89 Suppl 5: S79-S83, 2007

Risk factors in community-acquired chronic hepatitis C virus infection: A case-control study in Italy. Journal of Hepatology 24(2): 129-134, 1996

Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection: A case-control study of blood donors in the Trent Region (UK). Epidemiology and Infection 112(3): 595-601, 1994