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A meta-analysis of responses to dietary nonphytate phosphorus and phytase in laying hens



A meta-analysis of responses to dietary nonphytate phosphorus and phytase in laying hens



Poultry Science 91(8): 2072-2078



Reducing the level of nonphytate P (NPP) in diets for laying hens without negatively affecting their productivity and heath is crucial for sustainable egg production. A meta-analytical approach using a full quadratic model was applied to quantify relationships between dietary NPP and phytase levels and performance of laying hens. Egg production (EP, %), egg mass (EM, g/hen/day), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were considered as model outputs. A data set containing 168 P or P plus phytase treatments was extracted from 12 published papers. The data were assembled from 14 trials with a total of 8,752 hens in the range of 36 to 76 wk of age. The EP, EM, and FCR were analyzed using a linear mixed model that included the linear and quadratic effects of dietary NPP and phytase levels and their interactions. Except for the quadratic effect of dietary phytase on FCR, all other model components (that is, intercept, linear, quadratic, and interactions) were significant (P<0.05). There was a relatively strong relationship between observed and predicted EP (R2=0.78, RMSE=3.73), EM (R2=0.84, RMSE=2.09), and FCR (R2=0.78, RMSE=0.11), demonstrating that observations within study are practically predictable. Analyses of the model revealed that corn-soybean meal-based diets containing 0.22% of NPP without supplemental phytase resulted in high EP, EM, and feed efficiency in layers. In the presence of 150, 300, and 400 phytase units (FTU)/kg of feed, the dietary NPP level may be decreased and optimal levels were calculated as 0.18, 0.15, and 0.14%, respectively.

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Accession: 051158241

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22802206

DOI: 10.3382/ps.2012-02193


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