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A qualitative study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on agricultural households in Southeastern Uganda

Parker, D.C.; Jacobsen, K.H.; Komwa, M.K.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 6(8): 2113-2138

2009


ISSN/ISBN: 1660-4601
PMID: 19742210
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph6082113
Accession: 051225285

The HIV/AIDS pandemic threatens economic, social, and environmental sustainability throughout sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reports on a qualitative study exploring interrelationships between HIV/AIDS, labor availability, agricultural productivity, household resources, food consumption, and health status in rural southeastern Uganda. Respondents reported an increase in widow-and-orphan-headed households; labor shortages due to illness and caretaking; degradation of household resources from health-related expenses; loss of land tenure and assets following deaths, especially for widows and orphans; and changes in agricultural practices and productivity. Our study highlights a potential downward spiral of livelihood degradation for vulnerable households and suggests targeted interventions to improve sustainability.

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