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Astigmatic correction by intrastromal astigmatic keratotomy during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery: Factors in outcomes



Astigmatic correction by intrastromal astigmatic keratotomy during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery: Factors in outcomes



Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 44(2): 202-208



To evaluate the 6-month outcomes of femtosecond laser astigmatic keratotomy (AK) combined with femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery and identify factors affecting the efficacy of astigmatic correction. Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. Retrospective case series. Femtosecond laser AK was performed during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. The keratometric astigmatism, refractive cylinder, corneal hysteresis (CH), and corneal resistance factor (CRF) were measured preoperatively and postoperatively at 1 week, 2 months, and 6 months. Vector analysis to evaluate the 6-month outcomes of femtosecond laser AK and univariable regression analysis to determine the factors influencing the correction index were performed. The study enrolled 89 eyes of 89 patients. The stigmatism type, CH, CRF, and absolute angle of error showed significant correlations with the correction index (P = .041, P = .029, P = .044, and P < .001, respectively). There was a significant difference in the correction index and no difference in keratometric astigmatism between with-the-rule (WTR), against-the-rule (ATR), and oblique astigmatism (P = .044). The keratometric astigmatism with ATR and oblique astigmatism (0.66 diopter [D] ± 0.42 [SD] and 0.46 ± 0.27 D, respectively) was significantly lower than the refractive cylinder (0.92 ± 0.56 D and 0.78 ± 0.43 D, respectively) (P < .05); this was not the case for WTR astigmatism. The efficacy of femtosecond laser AK was affected by the biomechanical properties of the cornea and astigmatism type. Further studies incorporating the individual biomechanical properties of the cornea and total corneal astigmatism in a nomogram are recommended.

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Accession: 051309228

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29587975

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2017.11.018


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