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Accessory olfactory bulb neurons are required for maintenance but not induction of V2R vomeronasal receptor gene expression in vitro



Accessory olfactory bulb neurons are required for maintenance but not induction of V2R vomeronasal receptor gene expression in vitro



Neuroscience Letters 500(1): 6-9



Many mammals detect pheromones by a sensory organ, the vomeronasal organ (VNO). In a previous study using immunoblot and immunocytochemical analyses, we reported that cocultures of VNOs with accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) neurons resulted in the maturation of vomeronasal sensory neurons (VSNs) and a greater expression of V2R family vomeronasal receptors than cultures with VNO alone. To further characterize the V2R expression, we here investigated the time course of the expression of V2R mRNA in the presence or absence of AOB neurons using RT-PCR analysis. The expression of V2R mRNA was already detectable not only in the VNO cocultured with AOB neurons for 3 days in coculture but also in the VNO cultured alone for the same number of days. However, the expression of V2R mRNA in the VNO cultured alone was remarkably decreased during the additional culture period, although that in the cocultured VNO showed sustained expression. Moreover, the application of 2 μM TTX to the cocultured VNO resulted in a marked decrease in the V2R mRNA expression to a level equal to that in the VNO cultured alone for 14 days in coculture. Our previous working hypothesis was that the expression of V2Rs in VSNs was induced by interacting with AOB neurons. However, the present results suggest that the receptor expression in VSNs is independent of the interaction with AOB neurons in the early developmental stage, but is maintained by the active interaction with AOB neurons.

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Accession: 051323106

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21679749

DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2011.05.232


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