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Addition of synthetic and natural antioxidants to α-tocopheryl acetate supplemented beef patties: effects of antioxidants and packaging on lipid oxidation


Addition of synthetic and natural antioxidants to α-tocopheryl acetate supplemented beef patties: effects of antioxidants and packaging on lipid oxidation



Meat Science 58(4): 337-341



ISSN/ISBN: 0309-1740

PMID: 22062422

DOI: 10.1016/s0309-1740(00)00149-2

Friesian steers (n=5), aged 26-27 months, were fed a diet containing 2000 (supplemented) IU α-tocopheryl acetate/head/day for approximately 50 days prior to slaughter. Muscularis semimembranosus muscles from supplemented cattle were held in frozen storage (-20°C×12 weeks) following which they were minced and divided into five batches. The batches contained: (1) control, containing only vitamin E supplemented beef (C); (2) vitamin E supplemented beef with 4% soya oil (S); (3) vitamin E supplemented beef mixed with 0.2% Duralox NMC dissolved in 4% soya oil (R1); (4) vitamin E supplemented beef mixed with 0.25% Herbalox type 25 (containing 25 natural antioxidant extracts of rosemary) dissolved in 4% soya oil (R2); and (5) vitamin E supplemented beef mixed with a 1:1 mixture of 0.01% (w/w) BHA and 0.01% (w/w) BHT dissolved in 4% soya oil (B). The meat was then aerobically packaged (A) or packaged under the following modified atmospheres (MAP); 30:70 (M(1)); 70:30 (M(2)) or 80:20 (M(3)) (O(2):CO(2)). Oxidative stability (TBARS) and Hunter 'a' values (redness) were determined in all beef patties over 8 days of refrigerated (4°C) storage. Under MAP or aerobic packaging conditions, elevated oxygen levels brought about increased (P<0.05) TBARS numbers during refrigerated storage. However, the addition of rosemary extracts or BHA/BHT significantly (P<0.05) improved the oxidative stability of dietary α-tocopheryl acetate supplemented beef. Rosemary extracts were as effective in reducing TBARS as the combination of synthetic antioxidants, BHA/BHT.

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