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Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer-CdSe/ZnS-nanocrystal DFB structures produced by the holographic method

Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer-CdSe/ZnS-nanocrystal DFB structures produced by the holographic method

Nanotechnology 20(24): 245707

Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is demonstrated in volume-distributed feedback (DFB) structures, formed by colloidal CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals and ZrO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in a polymer matrix. Periodic redistribution of the NPs in an organic matrix was carried out by holographic photopolymerization in a specially developed light-sensitive nanocomposite. The composite consists of two acrylate monomers and two types of inorganic NPs. The NPs provide for the formation of two co-phased gratings-a refractive index grating and an optical gain (losses) grating. The core-shell CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals are used as a gain medium, while ZrO2 NPs create the refractive index grating and enhance the distributed feedback. The period of the volume structure provides the feedback for lasing at the wavelength lambda(las) of about 575 nm in the second diffraction order. In contrast to known laser systems based on volume DFB cavities, in which the different components of the formulation provide optical gain and feedback, in our case the inorganic NPs serve as an emitting material and can provide simultaneously for feedback. By pumping of DFB structures by a titanium-sapphire laser (lambda(pump) = 400 nm, pulse duration of 120 fs) normal to the sample plane, the appearance of a sharp stimulated emission along the grating-vector direction is observed. Output intensity of ASE as a function of the pump energy shows a threshold behavior and full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of the ASE spectral band decreases from 33 to 12 nm.

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Accession: 051459987

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PMID: 19471086

DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/20/24/245707

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