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Angiotensin-(1-7) treatment ameliorates angiotensin II-induced apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells



Angiotensin-(1-7) treatment ameliorates angiotensin II-induced apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells



Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 39(12): 1004-1010



Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7), a metabolite of AngI and AngII, is a counter-regulatory mediator of AngII. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Ang-(1-7) on AngII-induced apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). To this end, HUVEC were pretreated with 10(-9), 10(-8), 10(-7) or 10(-6) mol/L Ang-(1-7) at for 30 min before being stimulated with 10(-6) mol/L Ang-II for another 24 h. Acridine orange/ethidium bromide and propidium iodide staining were used to analyse the effects of Ang-(1-7) on AngII-induced apoptosis. Alone, 10(-6) mol/L Ang-(1-7) had no effect on the apoptosis of HUVEC following exposure of cells for 30 min, whereas AngII (10(-6) mol/L, 24 h) significantly enhanced the number of apoptotic cells (P < 0.01). The AngII-induced apoptosis of HUVEC was suppressed by 10(-9)-10(-6) mol/L Ang-(1-7). The anti-apoptotic effects of Ang-(1-7) were almost completely abolished by A-779 (10(-6) mol/L, 30 min), a specific Mas receptor antagonist. In addition, Ang-(1-7) inhibited AngII-induced accumulation of cleaved caspase 3 and enhanced the expression of the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 at both the mRNA and protein levels. Angiotensin II upregulated the expression of lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), which is involved in endothelial apoptosis, at both the mRNA and protein levels. This effect was blocked by Ang-(1-7) in a concentration-dependent manner, although A-779 almost completely reversed Ang-(1-7)-mediated inhibition of AngII-induced upregulation of LOX-1. Silencing of LOX-1 using short interference RNA enhanced the protective effects of Ang-(1-7) against AngII-induced apoptosis in HUVEC. Together, the results suggest that Ang-(1-7) ameliorates AngII-induced apoptosis of HUVEC at least in part by suppressing LOX-1 expression.

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Accession: 051549485

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PMID: 23030315

DOI: 10.1111/1440-1681.12016


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