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Anthropometric cranial measurements of normal newborn in Sergipe--Northeast of Brazil

Anthropometric cranial measurements of normal newborn in Sergipe--Northeast of Brazil

Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 65(3b): 896-899

The anthropometric measurement of the skull is essential for the evaluation of the newborn. The anthropometric measurements utilized at the present time are based in the results obtained for more than five decades, which are not able to determine a national pattern mostly likely due to some ethnic influences. We carried out an analytical descriptive study in a maternity hospital in Aracaju-Sergipe, Northeast of Brazil. Measurements of cephalic perimeter, biauricular and anteroposterior distances, cephalic index and fontanels were obtained from 450 newborns with gestational age from 37 and 42 weeks; 49.3% were male and 50.6% female. The cephalic perimeter ranged from 30.0 cm to 39.8 cm with mean value of 34.14+/-2.48 P50 34 cm, and cephalic index ranged from 0.69 and 1.13 with mean value of 0.98+/-0.06 P50 1. A comparison was made between brazilian and foreign studies; the results of the newborn from Sergipe were closer to results obtained in the southeast region than the ones obtained in the northeast region itself. The possibility of ethnical influences was raised as well as the need to design a multicentric study in order to define an anthropometric profile of the Brazilian newborn.

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Accession: 051563981

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PMID: 17952305

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