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Antimicrobial factors of hemolymph and excretion of larvae Lucilia sericata (meigen) (diptera, calliphoridae)

Antimicrobial factors of hemolymph and excretion of larvae Lucilia sericata (meigen) (diptera, calliphoridae)

Zhurnal Evoliutsionnoi Biokhimii i Fiziologii 47(6): 453-460

The present study deals with molecular nature and peculiarities of functioning of two main protective systems of larvae Lucilia sericata--the antimicrobial compounds of hemolymph and of the excretion released by feeding larvae into environmental. There are identified a number of inducible antibacterial peptides including defensins (3844, 4062, and 4117 Da), P-peptide (3043 Da), and four new polypeptides (3235, 3702, 3746, and 3768 Da) In hemolymph of the larvae submitted to bacterial infestation, by the chromatomasspectrometry methods. The excretion of larvae Lucilia sericata contains peptides analogous or identical to hemolymph antibacterial peptides (diptericins: 8882 Da and 9025 Da), high molecular compounds of peptide nature (6466 Da, 6633 Da, 5772 Da, 8631 Da, etc.) differing from the known hemolymph components and low molecular compounds (130-700 Da). Spectrum of excretion bactericidal activity includes various groups of bacterial including the most actual pathogen from medical point of view--the meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, unlike the hemolymph that does not have antistaphylococcal activity. The excretion components suppressing growth and development of this staphylococcus are represented by substances of the low molecular nature (from 160 to 1020 Da). The performed studies characterize the strategies used by "surgical maggots" for protection from pathogens and for suppression of microbial competitors and allow better understanding of molecular mechanisms of larval therapy of purulent infectious diseases. These studies in perspective can serve the basis for creation of the principally new drugs for struggle with usual and antibiotics-resistant bacterial infections.

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Accession: 051585047

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PMID: 22288113

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