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Apical root resorption caused by orthodontic forces: A brief review and a long-term observation



Apical root resorption caused by orthodontic forces: A brief review and a long-term observation



European Journal of Dentistry 6(4): 445-453



External apical root resorption (ARR) is a common iatrogenic consequence of orthodontic treatment. One of the aims of this article is to present a brief overview of the literature, including; diagnosis and etiology, with emphasis on orthodontic forces to facilitate an understand of the prevention or management of ARR in orthodontic patients. We also present a long-term follow-up observation of severe ARR, including the last obtained cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) records, to demonstrate the effect of orthodontic forces on ARR.

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Accession: 051600377

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PMID: 23077427


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