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Application of a multilocus variable number of tandem repeats analysis to regional outbreak surveillance of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections



Application of a multilocus variable number of tandem repeats analysis to regional outbreak surveillance of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections



Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 64(1): 63-65



A total of 18 strains of EHEC O157:H7 were isolated from distinct cases in Akita Prefecture, Japan from July to September 2007. The genetic relatedness of these isolates was investigated by performing a multilocus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) and a pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis using XbaI. The PFGE analyses allowed us to group these 18 isolates into three major clusters. The MLVA results correlated closely with those obtained by PFGE, although some variants were found within the clusters obtained by PFGE, thus highlighting the utility of this technique for determining a precise classification when it is difficult to differentiate between isolates with indistinguishable or very similar PFGE patterns. In addition, MLVA is a much easier and more rapid method than PFGE for analysis of the genetic relatedness of strains. Thus, as a second molecular epidemiological subtyping method, MLVA is useful for the regional outbreak surveillance of EHEC O157:H7 infections.

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Accession: 051607421

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PMID: 21266759



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