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Application of a portable near infrared spectrometer for presumptive identification of psychoactive drugs

Application of a portable near infrared spectrometer for presumptive identification of psychoactive drugs

Forensic Science International 242: 162-171

A portable near infrared spectrometer was applied to the presumptive identification of psychotropic drugs based on library searching. Data-treatment methods (mathematical pretreatment and library search algorithm) were examined on the basis of differentiation ability. The optimized mathematical pretreatment was a standard normal variate followed by the 2nd derivative. The correlation coefficient showed the best differentiation ability in the library search algorithms. Optimized data-treatment was effective for minimizing the effect of particle size on identification. The optimized data-treatment methods were validated by the spectra of psychotropic substances (n=120). Identification criteria for the psychotropic drugs were decided on the basis of the results of the validation. As a consequence, 8 out of 11 forensic samples containing psychoactive substances were able to be positively identified. Thus, the portable near infrared spectrometer with optimized data-treatment processing is a useful tool for rapid screening and presumptive identification of seized materials.

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Accession: 051607596

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25058450

DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.05.020

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