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Application of a tandem mass spectrometer and core-shell particle column for the determination of 151 pesticides in grains



Application of a tandem mass spectrometer and core-shell particle column for the determination of 151 pesticides in grains



Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 59(16): 8589-8608



A comparison of ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) with a 2.6 μm core-shell particle column (Kinetex C(18)) and conventional liquid chromatography (LC) with a 3 μm porous particle column (Atlantis dC(18)), coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS), for the determination of 151 pesticides in grains is presented in this study. Pesticides were extracted from grain samples using a procedure known as QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe). Quantification, with an analytical range from 5 to 500 μg/kg, was achieved using matrix-matched standard calibration curves with isotopically labeled standards or a chemical analogue as internal standards. The method performance parameters that included overall recovery, intermediate precision, and measurement uncertainty were evaluated using a designed experiment, that is, the nested design. The UHPLC (Kinetex C(18)) was superior to conventional LC (Atlantis dC(18)) as it yielded a shorter analytical run time, increased method sensitivity, and improved method performance. For UHPLC/ESI-MS/MS (Kinetex C(18)), 90% of the pesticides studied had recoveries between 81 and 110%, 88% of the pesticides had intermediate precision ≤20%, and 84% of the pesticides showed measurement uncertainty ≤40%. As compared to UHPLC/ESI-MS/MS (Kinetex dC(18)), the LC/ESI-MS/MS (Atlantis dC(18)) showed a relatively lower sensitivity, less repeatability, and larger measurement uncertainty. UHPLC/ESI-MS/MS with 2.6 μm core-shell particle column and scheduled MRM proved to be a good choice for quantification or determination of pesticides in grains.

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Accession: 051607751

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21812424

DOI: 10.1021/jf202158g



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