+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Are social network correlates of heavy drinking similar among black homeless youth and white homeless youth?



Are social network correlates of heavy drinking similar among black homeless youth and white homeless youth?



Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 73(6): 885-889



Understanding factors associated with heavy drinking among homeless youth is important for prevention efforts. Social networks are associated with drinking among homeless youth, and studies have called for attention to racial differences in networks that may affect drinking behavior. This study investigates differences in network characteristics by the racial background of homeless youth, and associations of network characteristics with heavy drinking. (Heavy drinking was defined as having five or more drinks of alcohol in a row within a couple of hours on at least one day within the past 30 days.) A probability sample of 235 Black and White homeless youths ages 13-24 were interviewed in Los Angeles County. We used chi-square or one-way analysis of variance tests to examine network differences by race and logistic regressions to identify network correlates of heavy drinking among Black and White homeless youth. The networks of Black youth included significantly more relatives and students who attend school regularly, whereas the networks of White youth were more likely to include homeless persons, relatives who drink to intoxication, and peers who drink to intoxication. Having peers who drink heavily was significantly associated with heavy drinking only among White youth. For all homeless youth, having more students in the network who regularly attend school was associated with less risk of heavy drinking. This study is the first to our knowledge to investigate racial differences in network characteristics and associations of network characteristics with heavy drinking among homeless youth. White homeless youth may benefit from interventions that reduce their ties with peers who drink. Enhancing ties to school-involved peers may be a promising intervention focus for both Black and White homeless youth.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 051629814

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23036205


Related references

Are Parental Relationships Always Protective? A Social Network Analysis of Black, Latino, and White Homeless Youth and Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors. Prevention Science 17(8): 914-924, 2016

Drug use, binge drinking and attempted suicide among homeless and potentially homeless youth. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 29(2): 248-256, 1995

Personal network correlates of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use among homeless youth. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 112(1-2): 140-149, 2010

Social control correlates of arrest behavior among homeless youth in five U.S. cities. Violence and Victims 26(5): 648-668, 2011

Social Control Correlates of Arrest Behavior Among Homeless Youth in Five U.S. Cities. Violence and Victims 26(5): 648-668, 2011

Social network characteristics associated with risky behaviors among runaway and homeless youth. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 40(1): 63-78, 1999

Countervailing social network influences on problem behaviors among homeless youth. Journal of Adolescence 31(5): 625-639, 2008

Pro-social and problematic social network influences on HIV/AIDS risk behaviours among newly homeless youth in Los Angeles. Aids Care 19(5): 697-704, 2007

Incarceration history, social network composition, and substance use among homeless youth in Los Angeles. Journal of Addictive Diseases 37(1-2): 64-76, 2018

Food Sources for Homeless Youth: An Evaluation of Food Availability at a Homeless Youth Drop-In Center. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 51(1): 91-95, 2019

A risk profile comparison of homeless youth involved in prostitution and homeless youth not involved. Journal of Adolescent Health 12(7): 545-548, 1991

Individual and Social Network Sexual Behavior Norms of Homeless Youth at High Risk for HIV Infection. Children and Youth Services Review 34(12): 2481-2486, 2012

Unprotected sex of homeless youth: results from a multilevel dyadic analysis of individual, social network, and relationship factors. Aids and Behavior 16(7): 2015-2032, 2012

Increased substance use and risky sexual behavior among migratory homeless youth: exploring the role of social network composition. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 40(12): 1634-1648, 2011

Homeless near a thousand homes: outcomes of homeless youth in a crisis shelter. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 75(3): 347-355, 2005