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Assessment of ion imprinted polymers based on Pd(II) chelate complexes for preconcentration and FAAS determination of palladium

Assessment of ion imprinted polymers based on Pd(II) chelate complexes for preconcentration and FAAS determination of palladium

Talanta 83(2): 596-604

New ion-imprinted polymeric (IIP) materials were synthesized by copolymerization of 4-vinylpyridine (VP) and styrene as functional monomers and divinylbenzene as a cross-linking agent with chelating complexes of Pd(II) in the presence of 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile as an initiator. The complexes of Pd(II) with ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC), N,N'-diethylthiourea (DET), and dimethylglyoxime (DMG) were used for this purpose. Chloroform, ethanol, and cyclohexanol were applied as porogens. The ion-imprinted polymers were tested in a flow mode as sorbents for solid-phase extraction of palladium from aqueous solutions. The conditions of Pd(II) separation on all polymers were optimized. The efficiencies of retention of Pd on different polymers in the presence of high excess of interfering ions were compared. The effect of the used porogen on the analytical performance of the prepared polymers was also investigated. The calculated sorbent capacities for Pd(II) were in the range from 9.25 mg g(-1) to 13.3 mg g(-1). The sorbent with Pd(II) imprinted as Pd-DMG-VP complex in chloroform was used for preconcentration of trace amounts of Pd. The detection limit for 100mL of the sample was 5 μg L(-1) using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The developed method was applied for the determination of Pd in water samples.

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Accession: 051662249

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PMID: 21111180

DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2010.10.005

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