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Assessment of malaria knowledge and capability on Plasmodium detection among professionals from class IIi malaria-endemic counties of Henan Province in 2012


Assessment of malaria knowledge and capability on Plasmodium detection among professionals from class IIi malaria-endemic counties of Henan Province in 2012



Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 32(1): 46-49



ISSN/ISBN: 1000-7423

PMID: 24822365

To evaluate the capability of malaria parasite detection among professionals from Class III malaria endemic counties of Henan Province in 2012. METHEDS: The capacity assessment of professionals from the Centres for Disease Control and the medical institutions was done in September to December 2012. The content of the assessment included malaria knowledge (including malaria etiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis, treatment and epidemiology and so on, 100 scores as full marks and 60 as passing score), making blood slides of Plasmodium (4 slides in 1 hour, including Giemsa staining, 40 scores as full marks and 24 as passing score) and identification of species with microscopy (6 slides, 8 min per slide 60 scores as full marks and 36 as passing score). All the participanats were grouped by gender, age, professional title, level and type of institution. Their scores were statistically analyzed by SSPS 17.0 software. The average total score in 891 participants was 162.1, the highest was 200 (full markers), and the lowest was 96, and 871 (97.8%) participants passed the test (> or = 120 scores). There were no significant differences for the scores of blood slide making among gender, age, professional title and level of institution (P > 0.05). No significant differences in the scores of malaria knowledge and blood slide reading among gender female participants (162.97 +/- 17.64) was higher than that of males (159.01 +/- 20.33) (P < 0.05). The film-reading and total scores of 50-plus age group (34.62 +/- 14.82, 144.62 +/- 20.33) was significantly lower than the other three groups (under age 30 group: 45.75 +/- 13.58 and 162.50 +/- 18.90, age 31-40 group: 46.53 +/- 12.72 and 163.51 +/- 17.77, age 41-50 group: 46.22 +/- 13.38 and 159.80 +/- 17.32) (P < 0.05). The scores of malaria knowledge in 50-plus age group (84.38 +/- 9.41) was lower than that of under age 30 group (89.91 +/- 7.81), age 31-40 group (89.96 +/- 7.74) (P < 0.05). The scores of malaria knowledge (88.33 +/- 8.23, 90.00 +/- 7.76, 92.37 +/- 7.29), film-reading (44.88 +/- 13.62, 46.59 +/- 12.88, 49.57 +/- 11.98) and total scores (159.61 +/- 18.37, 163.81 +/- 18.03, 169.15 +/- 16.38) of primary, intermediate and senior groups was proportional to the level of the titles, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (P< 0.05). The theory (88.28 +/- 8.30, 90.84 +/- 7.32, 93.54 +/- 6.10), film-reading (44.54 +/- 13.14, 47.69 +/- 13.40, 52.62 +/- 11.04) and total scores (159.48 +/- 18.33, 165.92 +/- 17.31, 171.97 +/- 15.53) of the three institution level groups (township, county and province) were proportional to their level, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no significant differences for the scores between the CDCs and hospitals (P < 0.05). The capabilities of malaria parasite detection in Class III malaria endemic counties of Henan Province is balanced. It needs to strengthen the skills training for the professionals of the junior, intermediate and primary care units.

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Accession: 051662844

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