+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Brain mapping of psychological processes with psychometric scales: an fMRI method for social neuroscience



Brain mapping of psychological processes with psychometric scales: an fMRI method for social neuroscience



Neuroimage 54 Suppl 1: S263-S271



The functional neuroimaging literature has used many stimuli (e.g., games, pictures, sounds) in fMRI studies to induce activation in brain areas related to psychological processes. To improve the link among psychological processes and their brain mapping, this study integrates the theory of measurement in the social sciences with the functional neuroimaging literature to propose a simple method that localizes the neural correlates of psychological processes using psychometric scales as stimuli to induce brain activation. Two fMRI studies were performed to illustrate this method with 30 subjects who responded to psychometric scales for four psychological processes on 7-point Likert-type anchors while their brains were being scanned in an fMRI. The first study examined two psychological processes-trust and distrust-whose neural correlates are known. The second study examined two psychological processes specific to technology use context-perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use-whose neural correlates are still unknown. Results from the first fMRI study confirmed the neural correlates of trust in the caudate nucleus, putamen, anterior paracingulate cortex, and orbitofrontal cortex and of distrust in the amygdala and insular cortex, thus confirming the literature. The second fMRI study identified the neural correlates of perceived usefulness in the anterior cingulate cortex, caudate nucleus, and insular cortex and perceived ease of use in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which are consistent with the technology use literature. The proposed brain mapping method with psychometric scales can inform the neurological nature of psychological processes, challenge existing measurement assumptions, and help advance brain mapping.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 051856576

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20472077

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.05.007


Related references

Psychometric properties of the French version of Karasek's "Job Content Questionnaire" and its scales measuring psychological pressures, decisional latitude and social support: the results of the SUMER. Sante Publique 18(3): 413-427, 2006

Psychometric properties of scales in the General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work (QPS): confirmatory factor analysis and prediction of certified long-term sickness absence. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 50(3): 231-244, 2008

Psychometric properties of the French version of the Karasek Job Content Questionnaire: A study of the scales of decision latitude, psychological demands, social support, and physical demands in the GAZEL cohort. International Archives of Occupational & Environmental Health 75(3): 129-144, March, 2002

Presurgical brain mapping of the language network in patients with brain tumors using resting-state fMRI: Comparison with task fMRI. Human Brain Mapping 37(3): 913-923, 2016

Naturalistic FMRI mapping reveals superior temporal sulcus as the hub for the distributed brain network for social perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6: 233, 2012

The social phobia and social interaction anxiety scales Evaluation of psychometric properties. Journal of Psychopathology & Behavioral Assessment 20(3): 249-264, Sept, 1998

Social support and social network scales: a psychometric review. Research in Nursing and Health 7(4): 325-332, 1984

A new research trend in social neuroscience: Towards an interactive-brain neuroscience. Psych Journal 3(3): 177-188, 2015

Psychometric properties of the social phobia and social interaction anxiety scales: evidence of construct equivalence in an African American sample. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 28(7): 633-643, 2014

Illuminating the dark matter of social neuroscience: Considering the problem of social interaction from philosophical, psychological, and neuroscientific perspectives. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6: 190, 2012

Social dominance and the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales. Consciousness and Cognition 33: 90-111, 2016

Preliminary analysis of the psychometric properties of Ryff's scales of psychological well-being in Portuguese adolescents. Spanish Journal of Psychology 13(2): 1032-1043, 2010

Principles, processes, and puzzles of social cognition: an introduction for the special issue on social cognitive neuroscience. Neuroimage 28(4): 745-756, 2005

BOLD fMRI in awake prairie voles: A platform for translational social and affective neuroscience. Neuroimage 138: 221-232, 2018