Bridging science and practice in violence prevention: addressing ten key challenges
Saul, J.; Duffy, J.; Noonan, R.; Lubell, K.; Wandersman, A.; Flaspohler, P.; Stillman, L.; Blachman, M.; Dunville, R.
American Journal of Community Psychology 41(3-4): 197-205
This article illustrates ideas for bridging science and practice generated during the Division of Violence Prevention's (DVP) dissemination/implementation planning process. The difficulty of moving what is known about what works into broader use is near universal, and this planning process pushed us to look beyond the common explanations (e.g., providers were resistant/unwilling to change practice) and think about the multiple layers and systems involved. As part of this planning process, the Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation (ISF) was developed and then applied to the fields of child maltreatment and youth violence prevention. Challenges for each of the three systems in the ISF are discussed as well as and action and research ideas to address the challenges. Also described are actions taken by DVP in response to the planning process to illustrate how a funder can use the ISF to bridge science and practice.