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Bronchodilator activity of (3R)-3-[[[(3-fluorophenyl)[(3,4,5-trifluorophenyl)methyl]amino] carbonyl]oxy]-1-[2-oxo-2-(2-thienyl)ethyl]-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane bromide (CHF5407), a potent, long-acting, and selective muscarinic M3 receptor antagonist



Bronchodilator activity of (3R)-3-[[[(3-fluorophenyl)[(3,4,5-trifluorophenyl)methyl]amino] carbonyl]oxy]-1-[2-oxo-2-(2-thienyl)ethyl]-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane bromide (CHF5407), a potent, long-acting, and selective muscarinic M3 receptor antagonist



Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 335(3): 622-635



The novel quaternary ammonium salt (3R)-3-[[[(3-fluorophenyl)[(3,4,5-trifluorophenyl)methyl]amino]carbonyl]oxy]-1-[2-oxo-2-(2-thienyl)ethyl]-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane bromide (CHF5407) showed subnanomolar affinities for human muscarinic M1 (hM1), M2 (hM2), and M3 (hM3) receptors and dissociated very slowly from hM3 receptors (t(½) = 166 min) with a large part of the receptorial complex (54%) remaining undissociated at 32 h from radioligand washout. In contrast, [(3)H]CHF5407 dissociated quickly from hM2 receptors (t(½) = 31 min), whereas [(3)H]tiotropium dissociated slowly from both hM3 (t(½) = 163 min) and hM2 receptor (t(½) = 297 min). In the guinea pig isolated trachea and human isolated bronchus, CHF5407 produced a potent (pIC(50) = 9.0-9.6) and long-lasting (up to 24 h) inhibition of M3 receptor-mediated contractile responses to carbachol. In the guinea pig electrically driven left atrium, the M2 receptor-mediated inhibitory response to carbachol was recovered more quickly in CHF5407-pretreated than in tiotropium-pretreated preparations. CHF5407, administered intratracheally to anesthetized guinea pigs, potently inhibited acetylcholine (Ach)-induced bronchoconstriction with an ED(50) value of 0.15 nmol/kg. The effect was sustained over a period of 24 h, with a residual 57% inhibition 48 h after antagonist administration at 1 nmol/kg. In conscious guinea pigs, inhaled CHF5407 inhibited Ach-induced bronchoconstriction for at least 24 h as did tiotropium at similar dosages. Cardiovascular parameters in anesthetized guinea pigs were not significantly changed by CHF5407, up to 100 nmol/kg i.v. and up to 1000 nmol/kg i.t. In conclusion, CHF5407 shows a prolonged antibronchospastic activity both in vitro and in vivo, caused by a very slow dissociation from M3 receptors. In contrast, CHF5407 is markedly short-acting at M2 receptors, a behavior not shared by tiotropium.

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Accession: 051872595

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PMID: 20805306

DOI: 10.1124/jpet.110.170035


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