Changes in red blood cell transfusion practice during the turn of the millennium: a retrospective analysis of adult patients undergoing elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using the Mayo database
Long, T.R.; Curry, T.B.; Stemmann, J.L.; Bakken, D.P.; Kennedy, A.M.; Stringer, T.M.; Bower, T.C.; Joyner, M.J.; Wass, C.Thomas.
Annals of Vascular Surgery 24(4): 447-454
ISSN/ISBN: 0890-5096 PMID: 20363103 DOI: 10.1016/j.avsg.2009.11.009
Significant changes in perioperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practice during the past two decades have been reported but similar data are not available for patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. Adult patients who had undergone primary, elective, open AAA repair were stratified into one of two transfusion-related groups: early practice (1980-1982) or late practice (2003-2006). RBC transfusion and hemoglobin concentration (Hb) were analyzed as a continuous variable and compared between groups with use of the rank sum test. Perioperative complications were compared between groups with Fisher's exact test. Data were age adjusted, and analyses were corrected for multiple comparisons. Compared with the early practice group, patients in the late practice group had significantly lower intraoperative (mean 10 +/- 1.4 vs. 11.5 +/- 1.5 g/dL), postoperative (11.9 +/- 1.4 vs. 13.4 +/- 1.5 g/dL), and discharge Hbs (mean 10.8 +/- 1.2 vs. 12.5 +/- 1.5 g/dL) (p < 0.0001 for each variable). Patients in the late practice group were significantly less likely to receive intraoperative allogenic transfusions (46% vs. 99%, p < 0.0001). Additionally, significantly fewer total allogenic units of RBCs per patient were transfused in the late practice group (mean 1.7 vs. 4.3, p < 0.0001). Intraoperative autotransfusions were used in 97% of the late practice patients but in none of the early practice patients (p < 0.0001). In the late practice group, 119 patients (40%) experienced a major perioperative morbidity or mortality event compared with 106 patients (35%) in the early practice group (p = 0.27). In this retrospective analysis, we observed significantly lower perioperative Hb, fewer allogenic RBC transfusions, and more autotransfusions in open AAA repairs done in 2003-2006 versus those done in 1980-1982. Additionally, late transfusion practice patients were older and had more comorbid diseases. Despite these observations, no significant differences in perioperative morbidity or mortality were observed between groups.