+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Child home injury prevention: understanding the context of unintentional injuries to preschool children



Child home injury prevention: understanding the context of unintentional injuries to preschool children



International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 16(3): 159-167



Injury to young children at home is a public health problem. In New Zealand, over half the injury deaths and hospitalisations among 0-4 year olds occur at home. Causes and risk factors for child injury have been identified, but their circumstances are not well described. Understanding the context, however, is important for developing and implementing effective prevention. To obtain the descriptions of injury events, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 100 caregivers of 0-4 year olds attending an emergency department for a home injury. Analysis from this exploratory study indicated that most events occurred within usual family activity, but had multiple factors interacting. Injury was rarely the expected outcome. Findings concurred with findings from others' research that reported home injury to be complex and multifaceted. Factors related to the environment, the child, the parent, their behaviours and activity interacted, with common patterns preceding injury being evident such as times of day and disrupted routines. Factors were often found to occur regardless of the cause of injury. Complex parental factors were identified, such as not anticipating risk, having unrealistic expectations of children, lacking knowledge of child development and accepting injury as a norm. Directions for further research are identified.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 052056959

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19941214

DOI: 10.1080/17457300903135636


Related references

Unintentional Home Injury Prevention in Preschool Children; a Study of Contributing Factors. Emergency 4(2): 72-77, 2016

Socioeconomic status and the prevention of child home injuries: a survey of parents of preschool children. Injury Prevention 3(1): 29-34, 1997

The development of an instrument measuring unintentional injuries in young children in low-income settings to serve as an evaluation tool for a childhood home injury prevention program. Journal of Safety Research 36(3): 269-280, 2005

Understanding the associations among parents teaching safety rules to children, safety behaviors and unintentional injuries in Chinese preschool children. Preventive Medicine 118: 98, 2019

The First-aid Advice and Safety Training (FAST) parents programme for the prevention of unintentional injuries in preschool children: a protocol. Injury Prevention 20(1): E2, 2014

Men on fathering in the context of children's unintentional injury prevention. American Journal of Men's Health 7(1): 77-86, 2013

Understanding unintentional injury-risk in young children I. The nature and scope of caregiver supervision of children at home. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 31(6): 529-539, 2006

Unintentional home injury in preschool-aged children: looking for the key - an exploration of the inter-relationship and relative importance of potential risk factors. Public Health 117(6): 404-411, 2003

Mothers' anticipation and prevention of unintentional injury to young children in the home. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 20(1): 23-36, 1995

Understanding sharps injuries in home healthcare: The Safe Home Care qualitative methods study to identify pathways for injury prevention. Bmc Public Health 15: 359, 2015

Nutritional understanding of preschool children taught in the home or a child development laboratory. Home economics research journal 13(13): 52-60, 1984

Caretaker neglect and injury prevention instruction for preschool child injuries: 475 consective cases. Annals of Emergency Medicine 18(4): 449-450, 1989

Barriers to, and facilitators of, the prevention of unintentional injury in children in the home: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research. Injury Prevention 17(2): 119-126, 2011

Unintentional injuries. Risk factors in preschool children. American Journal of Diseases of Children 143(5): 556-559, 1989

Understanding toddlers' in-home injuries: II. Examining parental strategies, and their efficacy, for managing child injury risk. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 29(6): 433-446, 2004