+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Children's representations of family relationships, peer information processing, and school adjustment

Children's representations of family relationships, peer information processing, and school adjustment

Developmental Psychology 45(6): 1740-1751

This study examined children's peer information processing as an explanatory mechanism underlying the association between their insecure representations of interparental and parent-child relationships and school adjustment in a sample of 210 first graders. Consistent with emotional security theory (P. T. Davies & E. M. Cummings, 1994), results indicated that children's insecure representations of the interparental relationship were indirectly related to their academic functioning through association with their negative information processing of stressful peer events. Insecure interparental relationships were specifically linked with negative peer information processing patterns that, in turn, predicted increases in child maladjustment over a 1-year period. These pathways remained robust after taking into account the roles of representations of parent-child relationships, trait measures of child negative affect, and socioeconomic characteristics as predictors in the analyses.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 052061523

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19899928

DOI: 10.1037/a0016688

Related references

The Multivariate Roles of Family Instability and Interparental Conflict in Predicting Children's Representations of Insecurity in the Family System and Early School Adjustment Problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 45(2): 211-224, 2016

Parental Depressive Symptoms, Children's Representations of Family Relationships, and Child Adjustment. Social Development 17(2): 278-305, 2008

Family Instability and Young Children's School Adjustment: Callousness and Negative Internal Representations as Mediators. Child Development 89(4): 1193-1208, 2017

The unique and interactive contributions of peer victimization and teacher-child relationships to children's school adjustment. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 41(8): 1191-1202, 2014

Interparental conflict and children's school adjustment: the explanatory role of children's internal representations of interparental and parent-child relationships. Developmental Psychology 44(6): 1678-1690, 2008

Marital Conflict, Children's Representations of Family Relationships, and Children's Dispositions Towards Peer Conflict Strategies. Social Development 13(2): 171-192, 2004

Children's perception of family relationships and their school adjustment. Journal of School Psychology 4(1): 19-28, 1965

Family relationships and the psychosocial adjustment of school-aged children in intact families. Journal of Genetic Psychology 171(2): 182-201, 2010

Preschoolers cognitive representations of peer relationships: family origins and behavioural correlates. Early Child Development and Care 181(1): 63-72, 2011

The effect social information processing in six-year-old children has on their social competence and peer relationships. Early Child Development and Care 182(12): 1623-1643, 2012

The moderating effect of Machiavellianism on the relationships between bullying, peer acceptance, and school adjustment in adolescents. School Psychology International 33(3): 345-363, 2012

Family system dynamics, peer relationships, and adolescents psychological adjustment. Family relations 40(4): 363-369, 1991

Young People's Perceptions of Family, Peer, and School Connectedness and Their Impact on Adjustment. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling 23(01): 115-140, 2013

Relationships between Parental Maltreatment and Adolescents School Adjustment: Mediating Roles of Self-Esteem and Peer Attachment. Journal of Child and Family Studies 26(2): 393-404, 2017

The Unique and Interactive Contributions of Peer Victimization and Teacher-Child Relationships to Childrena s School Adjustment. 2013