+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Chinese traffic fatalities and injuries in police reports, hospital records, and in-depth records from one city



Chinese traffic fatalities and injuries in police reports, hospital records, and in-depth records from one city



Traffic Injury Prevention 16(6): 565-570



Claims of sharp reductions in Chinese traffic casualties after 2002 based on police-reported data have been questioned in the literature. The objective of this study is to determine whether a decline in casualties occurred and to better understand the police data. The first of 2 unrelated studies analyzed data from 210 military hospitals throughout China providing records for inpatients injured in traffic accidents (2001-2007). The second compared in-depth crash records (2000-2006) from one city to officially released data. Hospital data showed that casualties increased from 2002 to 2007. The city investigation showed consistently far more fatalities and injuries in the in-depth data than officially released. For example, in-depth data showed 1,720 fatalities. Only 557 of these were reported officially (data loss = 68%). Disaggregating into 3 regions showed a data loss of 41% in urban areas, 63% in rural areas, and 90% in rural-urban fringe zones. For injuries, data losses were even greater. Traffic fatalities and injuries did not decrease from 2002 to 2006. The in-depth city data contained 3 times as many fatalities and 5 times as many injuries as reported by police. Reasons why this occurred and suggestions to improve data collection and reduce casualties are given.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 052063103

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25310455

DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2014.973946


Related references

Exploring data sources for road traffic injury in Cameroon: Collection and completeness of police records, newspaper reports, and a hospital trauma registry. Surgery 162(6s): S24-S31, 2017

Did Chile's traffic law reform push police enforcement? Understanding Chile's traffic fatalities and injuries reduction. Injury Prevention 21(3): 159-165, 2015

Police recording of road accident in-patients: Investigation into the completeness, representativity and reliability of police records of hospitalized traffic victims. Accident Analysis & Prevention 16(3): 167-184, 1984

Validity of using linked hospital and police traffic crash records to analyse motorcycle injury crash characteristics. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 49: 30-35, 2012

How comparable are road traffic crash cases in hospital admissions data and police records? An examination of data linkage rates. Australian and new Zealand Journal of Public Health 32(1): 28-33, 2008

Road traffic crash injuries and fatalities in the city of Kerman, Iran. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 20(2): 184-191, 2013

The Western Australian Road Injury Database (1987-1996): Ten years of linked police, hospital and death records of road crashes and injuries. Accident Analysis and Prevention 33(1): 81-88, 2001

Cross-Validation of Arthroplasty Records Between Arthroplasty and Hospital Discharge Registers, Self-Reports, and Medical Records Among a Cohort of 14,220 Women. Journal of Arthroplasty 33(12): 3649-3654, 2018

Criminal behavior and police records: self-reports from elderly individuals. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 44(1): 55-65, 2011

Reality check: using newspapers, police reports, and court records to assess defensive gun use. Injury Prevention 10(2): 96-98, 2004

The accuracy of medical records and police reports in determining motor vehicle crash characteristics. Prehospital Emergency Care 2(1): 23-28, 1998

Drinking patterns and traffic casualties in Switzerland: matching survey data and police records to design preventive action. Public Health 119(5): 426-436, 2005

Record linkage for road traffic injuries in Ireland using police hospital and injury claims data. Journal of Safety Research 58: 1-14, 2016

Road traffic injuries in Uganda: pre-hospital care time intervals from crash scene to hospital and related factors by the Uganda Police. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 26(2): 170-175, 2019

Understanding traffic crash under-reporting: Linking police and medical records to individual and crash characteristics. Traffic Injury Prevention 17(6): 580-584, 2016