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Clinical and demographic factors associated with employment status in US military veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan



Clinical and demographic factors associated with employment status in US military veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan



Work 44(2): 213-219



To determine the association between clinical and demographic factors with employment status in post-deployment US military veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. 169 OIF/OEF veterans seen at a post-deployment clinic between December of 2009 and May of 2010. Data was collected retrospectively on employment status, age, marital status, gender, pre-deployment education, ratings of sleep disturbance, pain, and depression, and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or PTSD diagnosis. Unemployment was highly prevalent in this sample (45%). Of the demographic and clinical factors examined, only a self-report of global depression severity was significantly associated with a higher prevalence of unemployment in multivariate analysis (odds ratio [OR] 0.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.10-0.47). Age greater than 40 demonstrated a positive association with employment status that was of borderline statistical significance ([OR] 2.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0-8.1). Prior diagnoses of mTBI or PTSD, and current sleep or pain symptoms, were not associated with employment status. Individuals with more severe self-reported depression had a higher prevalence of unemployment. Future prospective studies are needed to better understand which factors determine employment status in returning veterans.

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Accession: 052105288

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22927609

DOI: 10.3233/wor-2012-1417


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