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Cognitive event-related potentials differentiate schizophrenia with obsessive-compulsive disorder (schizo-OCD) from OCD and schizophrenia without OC symptoms

Cognitive event-related potentials differentiate schizophrenia with obsessive-compulsive disorder (schizo-OCD) from OCD and schizophrenia without OC symptoms

Psychiatry Research 170(1): 52-60

Clinical and neurobiological evidence suggests that concurrent presentation of schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive (schizo-OCD) symptoms represents a distinct clinical entity. Given that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia have been modeled as having different neurofunctional profiles, the overlap between them represents a heuristic challenge for cognitive and endophenotype research. Event-related potentials (ERPs) may be used to probe neurophysiological correlates of the cognitive, emotional and behavioral disturbances found in neuropsychiatric entities such as schizo-OCD. Here we measure ERPs during a discriminative response task (DRT) in patients presenting with the DSM-IV criteria for both schizophrenia and OCD. We also performed these measurements in patients with OCD without psychotic features, as well as in patients with schizophrenia without OC symptoms. Schizo-OCD patients showed a distinct ERP pattern, with abnormally increased target activation (akin to OCD patients, but unlike the pattern observed in schizophrenic patients) and reduced P300 amplitudes (akin to schizophrenic patients, but unlike OCD patients). Similar to the control subjects, schizo-OCD patients showed larger amplitudes in the non-target condition than in the target condition. These results suggest that schizo-OCD may not only be a distinct clinical entity from pure OCD and schizophrenia, but it may also be characterized by a distinguishable neurophysiologic pattern. Neurobiological underpinnings deserve further considerations and might drive to a definition of a distinctive endophenotype for schizo-OCD in the de-construction of the schizophrenia endophenotype.

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Accession: 052159098

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19800695

DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2008.11.002

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