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Cognitive-behavioral management training of depressive symptoms among inpatient orthopedic patients with chronic low back pain and depressive symptoms: A 2-year longitudinal study



Cognitive-behavioral management training of depressive symptoms among inpatient orthopedic patients with chronic low back pain and depressive symptoms: A 2-year longitudinal study



Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation 28(1): 49-60



Co-existing depressive symptoms aggravate the chronic course of pain and may interfere with successful rehabilitation. To examine the psychosocial rehabilitation success of a standard rehabilitation program with a supplemental cognitive-behavioral management training of depressive symptoms compared to the standard rehabilitation alone among patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and depressive symptoms. Effects on psychological measures (depressive symptoms, anxiety, and somatization) were evaluated prior to, 6, 12, and 24 months after rehabilitation among N = 84 consecutively admitted patients with CLBP and depressive symptoms, aged from 34–59 years. Furthermore, self-reported days of sick leave were determined. Favorable effects on depressive symptoms and anxiety persisted up to the 24-month follow-up assessment and incremental effects of the new program on depressive symptoms and anxiety were found at the 6-month follow-up assessment. Days of sick leave were decreased 6 months after rehabilitation and frequencies of clinical levels of psychological symptoms at the 24-month follow-up assessment were attenuated in the intervention group. The long-term psychological rehabilitation success among patients with CLBP and depressive symptoms was improved by the newly developed program, whose clinical significance was also supported. Thus, significant factors for the further development of CLBP were ameliorated.

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Accession: 052160995

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24968800

DOI: 10.3233/bmr-140489


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