+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Beyond the FRN: Broadening the time-course of EEG and ERP components implicated in reward processing



Beyond the FRN: Broadening the time-course of EEG and ERP components implicated in reward processing



International Journal of Psychophysiology 132(Pt B): 184-202



Most reward-related electroencephalogram (EEG) studies focus exclusively on the feedback-related negativity (FRN, also known as feedback negativity or FN, medial-frontal negativity or MFN, feedback error-related negativity or fERN, and reward positivity or RewP). This component is usually measured approximately 200-300 ms post-feedback at a single electrode in the frontal-central area (e.g., Fz or FCz). The present review argues that this singular focus on the FRN fails to leverage EEG's greatest strength, its temporal resolution, by underutilizing the rich variety of event-related potential (ERP) and EEG time-frequency components encompassing the wider temporal heterogeneity of reward processing. The primary objective of this review is to provide a comprehensive understanding of often overlooked ERP and EEG correlates beyond the FRN in the context of reward processing with the secondary goal of guiding future research toward multistage experimental designs and multicomponent analyses that leverage the temporal power of EEG. We comprehensively review reward-related ERPs (including the FRN, readiness potential or RP, stimulus-preceding negativity or SPN, contingent-negative variation or CNV, cue-related N2 and P3, Feedback-P3, and late-positive potential or LPP/slow-wave), and reward-related EEG time-frequency components (changes in power at alpha, beta, theta, and delta bands). These electrophysiological signatures display distinct time-courses, scalp topographies, and reflect independent psychological processes during anticipatory and/or outcome stages of reward processing. Special consideration is given to the time-course of each component and factors that significantly contribute to component variation. Concluding remarks identify current limitations along with recommendations for potential important future directions.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 052188996

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29454641

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.02.002


Related references

Reward sensitivity modulates connectivity among reward brain areas when processing anticipatory reward cues. Personality and Individual Differences 60: S68-S69, 2014

Reward sensitivity modulates connectivity among reward brain areas during processing of anticipatory reward cues. European Journal of Neuroscience 38(3): 2399-2407, 2013

Effects of anandamide administration on components of reward processing during free choice. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 158: 14-21, 2017

"Why don't they 'like' me more?": Comparing the time courses of social and monetary reward processing. Neuropsychologia 107: 48-59, 2017

Intrinsic spectral broadening (ISB) in ultrasound Doppler as a combination of transit time and local geometrical broadening. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 26(5): 853-862, 2000

Effects of reward context on feedback processing as indexed by time-frequency analysis. Psychophysiology 55(9): E13195, 2018

Individual differences in the time course of reward processing: Stage-specific links with depression and impulsivity. Biological Psychology 119: 79-90, 2016

Reward processing of the basal ganglia--reward function of pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus. Brain and Nerve 61(4): 397-404, 2009

Neural Processing of Calories in Brain Reward Areas Can be Modulated by Reward Sensitivity. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 9: 371, 2015

Reward processing in the value-driven attention network: reward signals tracking cue identity and location. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 12(3): 461-467, 2017

Rapid processing of both reward probability and reward uncertainty in the human anterior cingulate cortex. Plos one 6(12): E29633, 2011

Where's the fun in that? Broadening the focus on reward function in depression. Biological Psychiatry 66(3): 199-200, 2009

Developmental changes in the reward positivity: an electrophysiological trajectory of reward processing. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience 9: 191-199, 2014

The effects of reward magnitude on reward processing: An averaged and single trial event-related potential study. Biological Psychology 118: 154-160, 2016

Memory Recall for High Reward Value Items Correlates With Individual Differences in White Matter Pathways Associated With Reward Processing and Fronto-Temporal Communication. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12: 241, 2018