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Comparison of mixed venous oxygen saturation after in vitro calibration of pulmonary artery catheter with that of pulmonary arterial blood in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation

Comparison of mixed venous oxygen saturation after in vitro calibration of pulmonary artery catheter with that of pulmonary arterial blood in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation

Transplantation Proceedings 45(5): 1916-1919

Mixed venous saturation (SvO2) reflects the balance between oxygen delivery and consumption throughout the body. A multifunction pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) can monitor continuous SvO2 after in vitro calibration (CSvO2), obviating the need for in vivo calibration with pulmonary arterial blood. In critically ill patients CSvO2 has shown a good correlation with measured SvO2 of pulmonary arterial blood using co-oximetry (MSvO2). The aim of this study was to compare CSvO2 and MSvO2 in liver transplantation (OLT) recipients. We enrolled 44 OLT recipients for comparison with 24 coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) controls free of end-stage liver disease. After anesthetic induction, the PAC was inserted after in vitro calibration and CSvO2 and MSvO2 simultaneously measured. In OLT recipients, additional measurements of CSvO2 and MSvO2 were performed at anhepatic and postreperfusion phases. Pearson's correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between the 2 measurements. A Bland-Altman analysis was used to determine precision of and bias between the 2 measurements. With ±3% regarded to be interchangeable. Cardiac output and intrapulmonary shunt in CABG patients were lower than among OLT recipients. OLT recipients, showed a significant correlation between CSvO2 and MSvO2, but the coefficients were different during the three phases of OLT (r = 0.597, 0.753, and 0.756). In addition, bias values between the two measurements were 6.0%, 6.4%, and 2.9% for the preanhepatic, anhepatic, and postreperfusion phases, respectively, with 29.5%, 31.8%, and 50% of them being interchangeable. In contrast CABG patients showed bias in -0.17% with 75% of measurements interchangeable. While in vitro calibration of the PAC can be used in CABG patients, MSvO2 is higher than CSvO2 in OLT recipients. Therefore, in vivo calibration with pulmonary arterial blood is necessary for accurate monitoring of SvO2 in OLT recipients.

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Accession: 052238388

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PMID: 23769072

DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2012.08.028

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