+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Complexity and valence in ethnophaulisms and exclusion of ethnic out-groups: what puts the "hate" into hate speech?



Complexity and valence in ethnophaulisms and exclusion of ethnic out-groups: what puts the "hate" into hate speech?



Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96(1): 170-182



Ethnophaulisms (A. A. Roback, 1944) are the words used as ethnic slurs to refer to out-groups in hate speech. The results of previous archival research have suggested that it is the complexity, more so than the valence, of ethnophaulisms that predicts the exclusion of ethnic immigrant out-groups from the receiving society. This article reports the results of 3 experimental examinations of the relative contributions of complexity and valence in ethnophaulisms to the exclusion of an ethnic out-group. Experiment 1 demonstrated that exclusion of the ethnic out-group was increased by the use of low-complexity ethnophaulisms. Experiment 2 demonstrated that exclusion of the ethnic out-group decreased by the use of high-complexity ethnophaulisms. Experiment 3 confirmed the demonstration that exclusion decreased by the use of a different set of high-complexity ethnophaulisms. The results of these three experiments converge to indicate that low complexity exerts more of an effect than negative valences on the exclusion of an ethnic out-group. The implications of these results for theoretical approaches to intergroup behavior are considered.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 052263731

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19210073

DOI: 10.1037/a0013066


Related references

Immigrant suicide rates as a function of ethnophaulisms: hate speech predicts death. Psychosomatic Medicine 66(3): 343-348, 2004

Expressive Writing to Cope with Hate Speech: Assessing Psychobiological Stress Recovery and Forgiveness Promotion for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Queer Victims of Hate Speech. Human Communication Research 40(2): 238-261, 2014

Heterosexuals' attitudes toward hate crimes and hate speech against gays and lesbians: old-fashioned and modern heterosexism. Journal of Homosexuality 49(2): 67-82, 2005

The philosophical aspects of hate crime and hate crime legislation: introducing the special section on the philosophy of hate crime. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 30(10): 1687-1695, 2016

Ethnophaulisms and exclusion: the behavioral consequences of cognitive representation of ethnic immigrant groups. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin 29(8): 1056-1067, 2004

"So, What's a Hate Crime Anyway?" Young Adults' Perceptions of Hate Crimes, Victims, and Perpetrators. Law and Human Behavior 20(2): 113-129, 1996

Model Victims of Hate: Victim Blaming in the Context of Islamophobic Hate Crime. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2018: 886260518805097, 2018

The legal definition of hate crime and the hate offender's distorted cognitions. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 27(6): 597-604, 2006

Measuring Attitudes About Hate: Development of the Hate Crime Beliefs Scale. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 33(23): 3656-3685, 2018

Gender-bias hate crimes what constitutes a hate crime from a potential jurors perspective?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 43(7): 1468-1479, 2013

Evaluations of Antigay Hate Crimes and Hate Crime Legislation: Independent and Differentially Predicted. Journal of Homosexuality 2017: 1-17, 2017

Why I Hate You and You Hate Me: The Interplay of Greed, Envy, Jealousy, and Narcissismin Everyday Life by B erke , J oseph H. Journal of Analytical Psychology 58(2): 297-298, 2013

When love meets hate: The relationship between state policies on gay and lesbian rights and hate crime incidence. Social Science Research 61: 142-159, 2017

Hate the course or hate to go: semester differences in first year nursing attrition. Nurse Education Today 28(7): 865-872, 2008

Hating Hate: Policy Implications of Hate Crime Legislation. Social Service Review 74(4): 635-653, 2000