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Compound heterozygous mutations of TYMP as underlying causes of mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE)

Compound heterozygous mutations of TYMP as underlying causes of mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE)

Molecular Medicine Reports 8(1): 17-22

Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE), an autosomal recessive multiorgan disease, frequently associated with mutations in the thymidine phosphorylase (TYMP) gene. TYMP encodes thymidine phosphorylase (TP), which has an essential role in the nucleotide salvage pathway for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication. This study reports an MNGIE patient with novel compound heterozygous missense mutations (Thr151Pro and Leu270Pro) in TYMP. Each mutation was inherited from one parent. Neither mutation was found in the controls and the mutation sites were well conserved between different species. Neither large deletion nor causative point mutations were found in the mtDNA. The patient presented with MNGIE symptoms, including gastrointestinal discomfort, external ophthalmoplegia, pigmentary retinopathy and demyelinating type diffuse sensory motor polyneuropathy. The patient demonstrated an early-onset but mild phenotype, with 9.6% TP activity; therefore, patients with these compound heterozygous mutations may exhibit a mild phenotype with a variable onset age according to TP activity level.

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Accession: 052269150

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PMID: 23685548

DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2013.1479

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