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Compounds with the electron-rich [W6Cl18]2- cluster anion

Compounds with the electron-rich [W6Cl18]2- cluster anion

Inorganic Chemistry 48(8): 3825-3831

Cluster compounds of the general formula A(2)[W(6)Cl(18)] containing singly charged A cations (A = K, Rb, Ag, Tl, NH(4), N(C(2)H(5))(4), N(n-C(3)N(7))(4), N(n-C(4)H(9))(4)) and [W(6)Cl(18)](2-) anions have been synthesized. Compounds were obtained by W(6)Cl(18) reduction using methanol and the corresponding metal or (alkyl-)ammonium salts. The use of CoCp(2) as reducing agent in inert solvents such as tetrahydrofurane also leads to the ionic compound (Co(C(5)H(5))(2))(2)[W(6)Cl(18)]. All compounds described here evidence the existence of octahedral clusters of the M(6)X(12) type with 20 cluster electrons occupying metal centered states, thus exceeding the conventional number of 16 electrons for this cluster type. Electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectra were recorded for the neutral compound W(6)Cl(18) and for the ionic salts K(2)[W(6)Cl(18)], Cs(2)[W(6)Cl(18)], and (Co(C(5)H(5))(2))(2)[W(6)Cl(18)], showing that the cluster W(6)Cl(18) unit in these compounds is preserved in solution. The base peak in the ESI spectra for all compounds corresponds to the [W(6)Cl(18)](2-) anion, so that neutral W(6)Cl(18) is prone to undergo a two electron reduction process. This result is confirmed by cyclic voltammetry experiments, which makes of W(6)Cl(18) a very clean mild oxidizing agent. The preparation of the complete series of ionic A(2)[W(6)Cl(18)] (A = K, Cs, CoCp(2)) clusters allows to systematically investigate their structural trends as function of the distinctive cations, which is the main focus of the present work.

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Accession: 052269460

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PMID: 19361250

DOI: 10.1021/ic8019843

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