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Comprehensive Evaluation of Drug De-addiction Centres (DDCs) in Punjab (Northern India)

Comprehensive Evaluation of Drug De-addiction Centres (DDCs) in Punjab (Northern India)

Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 8(3): 52-55

Drug addiction is on the rise in Punjab,India. There are 15 DDCs which are supported by the Indian Red Cross Society. There is alleged mushrooming of private Drug De-addiction Centres (DDCs) in the smaller towns, villages and cities of Punjab. This study aimed to evaluate DDCs in Punjab. A total of 10 DDCs were included in the study and scheduled visits were made to collect data by using a pre-tested questionnaire. The duration of treatment was 1 month at the Red Cross DDCs and it was approximately 6 months at private DDCs. The staff at the private DDCs were inadequate. The major drugs which were abused by patients were Propoxyphene, Alcohol, Bhukki and Cannabis. Patients were usually referred to the DDCs either by family members (35.3%) or social workers (29.8%). About 72.5% of patients were married, 36.3% had passed 10th standard and 54.4% were employed. A majority dropped out of the DDCs due to personal reasons and lack of family support. On comparison, more patients were found to be treated at Red Cross centres (75.3%) than at private centres (65.8%). All DDCs had conducted regular sessions of individual, group and family counseling for patients. Red Cross DDCs ensured that ex-clients received follow-ups and home visits. More patients were satisfied with the services which were provided by the Red Cross DDCs. On the contrary, more patients at the private DDCs complained about harassment fromstaff personnel (p>0.05). It is recommended that all DDCs should be checked regularly, and that the private centres should be provided with additional support from the government, to help run them more efficiently.

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Accession: 052269596

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PMID: 24783080

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2014/7605.4105

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