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Comprehensive analysis of a norovirus-associated gastroenteritis outbreak, from the environment to the consumer



Comprehensive analysis of a norovirus-associated gastroenteritis outbreak, from the environment to the consumer



Journal of Clinical Microbiology 48(3): 915-920



Noroviruses have been recognized to be the predominant agents of nonbacterial gastroenteritis outbreaks in humans, and their transmission via contaminated shellfish consumption has been demonstrated. Norovirus laboratory experiments, volunteer challenge studies, and community gastroenteritis outbreak investigations have identified human genetic susceptibility factors related to histo-blood group antigen expression. Following a banquet in Brittany, France, in February 2008, gastroenteritis cases were linked to oyster consumption. This study identified an association of the norovirus illnesses with histo-blood group expression, and oyster contamination with norovirus was confirmed by qualitative and quantitative analyses. The secretor phenotype was associated with illness, especially for the non-A subgroup. The study showed that, in addition to accidental climatic events that may lead to oyster contamination, illegal shellfish collection and trading are also risk factors associated with outbreaks.

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Accession: 052269722

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20053852

DOI: 10.1128/JCM.01664-09


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