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Computations of 36 tautomer/isomer equilibria of different lactams

Computations of 36 tautomer/isomer equilibria of different lactams

Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 116(25): 6885-6893

Gas-phase energies of 36 tautomer/isomer pairs of 18 six-membered N-heterocyclic compounds were computed quantum chemically. Among the considered B3LYP, BH&HLYP, BH&HLYP(G), and PW6B95 DFT functionals, the latter two provide accurate tautomer/isomer pair energies with root-mean-square deviations (rmsd) relative to experiments of 0.2 and 0.3 kcal/mol, respectively. Since only few (namely five) experimental data are available, 15 tautomer/isomer pair energies were computed with the very precise QCISD(T)(quadruple-ζ) method serving as reference. Relative to this reference the PW6B95 DFT functional is slightly superior to the BH&HLYP(G) functional, yielding an rmsd of 0.7 and 0.8 kcal/mol, respectively. In contrast to BH&HLYP(G), the PW6B95 DFT functional yields also accurate tautomer/isomer pair energies if zwitterionic structures are involved. The tautomer/isomer pair states possess different amounts of aromaticity. This is characterized by nucleus-independent chemical shift (NICS) values. The tautomer/isomer pair reference energies, from which the energies computed with PW6B95 are subtracted, correlate linearly with the corresponding differences in the NICS values. This correlation is used to construct a correction term for the pair energies computed with PW6B95, yielding tautomer/isomer pair energies with rmsd of 0.3 kcal/mol with respect to the more CPU time demanding QCISD(T)(quadruple-ζ) method.

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Accession: 052275860

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22646903

DOI: 10.1021/jp302569g

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