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Consensus statement from European experts on the diagnosis, management, and treatment of multiple myeloma: from standard therapy to novel approaches

Consensus statement from European experts on the diagnosis, management, and treatment of multiple myeloma: from standard therapy to novel approaches

Leukemia and Lymphoma 51(8): 1424-1443

ISSN/ISBN: 1042-8194

PMID: 20509769

DOI: 10.3109/10428194.2010.487959

Treatment for multiple myeloma (MM) has changed beyond recognition over the past two decades. During the early 1980s, MM inevitably resulted in a slow progressive decline in quality of life until death after about 2 years, while today patients can expect a 50% chance of achieving a complete remission, median survival of 5 years, and a 20% chance of surviving longer than 10 years. An international expert opinion meeting (including members of the GIMEMA and DSMM study groups) was held in 2009. One of the outcomes of the meeting was the development of a consensus statement outlining contemporary optimal clinical practice for the treatment of MM. The international panel recommended that the state of the art therapy for MM should comprise: (a) evidence-based supportive care, (b) effective and well-tolerated chemotherapeutic regimens, (c) autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (ASCT) for patients suitable for intensive conditioning therapy, and (d) evidence-based incorporation of novel anti-MM agents. Maintenance strategies have also become increasingly important for the prolongation of remission after front-line therapies. In addition, improved understanding of the biology of MM has led to the development of novel biological therapeutic agents such as thalidomide, lenalidomide, bortezomib, and others. These agents specifically target intracellular mechanisms and interactions, such as those within the bone marrow microenvironment, and have been integrated into MM treatment. This report reviews recent clinical advances in the treatment strategies available for MM and provides an overview of the state of the art management of patients with MM.

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Accession: 052303746

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