Section 53
Chapter 52,312

Construction and characteristics of transgenic tobacco Nicotiana tabacum L. plants expressing CYP11A1 cDNA encoding cytochrome P450scc

Spivak, S.G.; Berdichevets, I.N.; Iarmolinskiĭ, D.G.; Maneshina, T.V.; Shpakovskiĭ, G.V.; Kartel', N.A.

Genetika 45(9): 1217-1224


ISSN/ISBN: 0016-6758
PMID: 19824542
Accession: 052311306

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In steroidogenic animal tissues cytochrome P450scc catalizes the conversion of cholesterol into pregnenolone, a common metabolic precursor of all steroid hormones. To study the possibility of functioning of mammalian cytochrome P450scc in plants and the mechanism of its integration in the plant steroidogenic system, transgenic plants of tobacco Nicotiana tabacum L. were developed carrying cDNA of CYP11A1 encoding cytochrome P450scc of bovine adrenal cortex. Pregnenolone, a product of the reaction catalyzed by cytochrome P450scc, was discovered in the steroid-containing fraction of transgenic plants. Transgenic plants are characterized by a reduced period of vegetative development (early flowering and maturation of bolls) and increased productivity. The contents of soluble protein and carbohydrates in leaves and seeds of transgenic plants are essentially higher than the contents of these components in leaves and seeds of control plants.

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