Contact lens-related dry eye and ocular surface changes with mapping technique in long-term soft silicone hydrogel contact lens wearers
Sengor, T.; Aydin Kurna, S.; Ozbay, N.; Ertek, S.; Aki, S.; Altun, A.
European Journal of Ophthalmology 22(Suppl 7): S17-S23
ISSN/ISBN: 1724-6016 PMID: 22101496 DOI: 10.5301/ejo.5000079
To evaluate ocular surface changes in long-term silicone hydrogel contact lens wearers. Thirty patients were included in this study. Twenty patients (40 eyes) using contact lenses constituted group 1 and 10 (20 eyes) volunteers constituted group 2. The duration of average contact lens usage was 7.74 ± 3.3 years. Ocular surface was evaluated by surface staining, tear film break-up time (TBUT), Schirmer I test, and conjunctival impression cytology with color-coded mapping technique and by the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI). The mean break-up time was lower and staining scores were higher in group 1 (p<0.001) but Schirmer values were not significantly different from group 2 (p>0.05). The mean OSDI score was 34.59 ± 11.93 to 19.28 ± 6.7 in group 1 and 2. Increased metaplastic predominant changes of grade II and III were observed in the interpalpebral and perilimbal areas in group 1. Significant correlations were observed in TBUT, cornea staining, and grade II to grade III metaplasia ratios between duration of the lens usage and contact lens wear time in a day. Silicone hydrogel lenses produce significant changes on tear film and impression cytology of the ocular surface in long-term use.