+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Botanical Provenance of Traditional Medicines From Carpathian Mountains at the Ukrainian-Polish Border



Botanical Provenance of Traditional Medicines From Carpathian Mountains at the Ukrainian-Polish Border



Frontiers in Pharmacology 9: 295



Plants were an essential part of foraging for food and health, and for centuries remained the only medicines available to people from the remote mountain regions. Their correct botanical provenance is an essential basis for understanding the ethnic cultures, as well as for chemical identification of the novel bioactive molecules with therapeutic effects. This work describes the use of herbal medicines in the Beskid mountain ranges located south of Krakow and Lviv, two influential medieval centers of apothecary tradition in the region. Local botanical remedies shared by Boyko, Lemko, and Gorale ethnic groups were a part of the medieval European system of medicine, used according to their Dioscoridean and Galenic qualities. Within the context of ethnic plant medicine and botanical classification, this review identified strong preferences for local use of St John's-wort (Hypericum perforatum L.), wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.), garlic (Allium sativum L.), gentian (Gentiana lutea L.), lovage (Levisticum officinale W.D.J. Koch), and lesser periwinkle (Vinca minor L.). While Ukrainian ethnic groups favored the use of guilder-rose (Viburnum opulus L.) and yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.), Polish inhabitants especially valued angelica (Angelica archangelica L.) and carline thistle (Carlina acaulis L.). The region also holds a strong potential for collection, cultivation, and manufacture of medicinal plants and plant-based natural specialty ingredients for the food, health and cosmetic industries, in part due to high degree of biodiversity and ecological preservation. Many of these products, including whole food nutritional supplements, will soon complement conventional medicines in prevention and treatment of diseases, while adding value to agriculture and local economies.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 052402186

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29674964

DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2018.00295


Related references

Introduction and acclimatization of Carpathian plants at the Botanical Garden of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR in Kiev Flora and fauna of the Carpathian Mountains. Introduction and acclimatization of Carpathian plants at the Botanical Garden of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR in Kiev Flora and fauna of the Carpathian Mountains [2] Introduktsiya i akklimatizatsiya rastenii karpatskoi flory v botanicheskom sadu AN USSR v Kieve In: Flora i fauna Karpat Flora and fauna of the Carpathian Mountains [2] 34-75, 1963

Exhibition of flora from the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains at the Botanical Garden. Pratsi Bot Sadu L Vivskoho Univ : 93-99, 1963

Evaluation of the genetic and silvicultural value of silver fir from the Polish Sudeten and Carpathian mountains based on provenance studies. Sylwan 130(2-3): 83-92, 1986

Neighborhood Relations on the Polish Borders The Example of the Polish–German, Polish–Ukrainian and Polish–Russian Border Regions. Journal of Borderlands Studies 27(3): 245-255, 2012

Parasitic fungi collected at krynica and the surrounding mountains polish occidental carpathian mountains. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 12(4): 471-495, 1966

The regional deposition conditions within the Eocene at the northern margin of the western Carpathian Mountains; refined model for the Podhale Basin on the border of the Tatra Mountains, Poland. Terra Nostra (Bonn) 98-3: P8-P9, 1998

Some observations on geodynamics of the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains. Biuletyn Panstwowego Instytutu Geologicznego (1989) 396: 157, 2001

Parageum montanum in the Ukrainian Carpathian mountains. Rastitel' nye Resursy 12(2): 199-208, 1976

Features of geological structure and oil and gas content of the Ukrainian and Polish Carpathian autochthon in comparative aspect. Biuletyn Panstwowego Instytutu Geologicznego (1989) 396: 94-95, 2001

A study of the sphaeriidae from the ukrainian part of the carpathian mountains. Malacological Review2: 92-93, 1978

On the study of Sphaeriidae from the Ukrainian part of the Carpathian Mountains. Unknown, 1975

Conopidae diptera found in the ukrainian carpathian mountains. Anon Komakhy Ukrayins'kykh Karpat I Zakarpattya (Insects Found in The Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains And Transcarpathia ) Nauk Dumka: Kiev, Ussr, From Ref Zh Biol 1967 No 2e 149-151, 1966

Insects found in the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains and Transcarpathia. Insects found in the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains and Transcarpathia Komakhy Ukrayins'kykh Karpat i Zakarpattya 175p Illus, 1966

Species of the genus Tetracanthella from the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains. Entomological Review (English Translation of Entomologicheskoye Obozreniye) 72(5): 150-156, 1993

Material for the study of the lichen flora of the carpathian mountains i. species of the genus bryoria brodo and hawksw. in the czywczynski mountains eastern carpathian mountains ussr. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie Sklodowska Sectio C Biologia 39(1-19): 19-28, 1984