Section 53
Chapter 52,423

Cyclic mechanical stretch decreases cell migration by inhibiting phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase- and focal adhesion kinase-mediated JNK1 activation

Desai, L.P.; White, S.R.; Waters, C.M.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(7): 4511-4519


ISSN/ISBN: 1083-351X
PMID: 20018857
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m109.084335
Accession: 052422194

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Epithelial cell migration during wound healing requires coordinated signaling pathways that direct polarization of the leading and trailing ends of the cells, cytoskeletal organization, and remodeling of focal adhesions. These inherently mechanical processes are disrupted by cyclic stretch (CS), but the specific signaling molecules involved in this disruption are not well understood. In this study, we demonstrate that inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) or expression of a dominant-negative form of PI3K caused inhibition of airway epithelial cell wound closure. CS caused a sustained decrease in activation of PI3K and inhibited wound healing. Expression of constitutively active PI3K stimulated translocation of Tiam1 to the membrane, increased Rac1 activity, and increased wound healing of airway epithelial cells. Increased Rac1 activity resulted in increased phosphorylation of JNK1. PI3K activation was not regulated by association with focal adhesion kinase. Restoration of efficient cell migration during CS required coexpression of constitutively active PI3K, focal adhesion kinase, and JIP3.

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