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DNA integrity assessment in hemocytes of soft-shell clams (Mya arenaria) in the Saguenay Fjord (Québec, Canada)

DNA integrity assessment in hemocytes of soft-shell clams (Mya arenaria) in the Saguenay Fjord (Québec, Canada)

Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 20(2): 621-629

ISSN/ISBN: 0944-1344

PMID: 22744162

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-012-0980-3

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pollution on DNA integrity in the feral soft-shell clam (Mya arenaria) in the Saguenay Fjord. Intertidal clams were collected downstream and upstream of the fjord at sites under anthropogenic pollution. DNA integrity was assessed by following changes in single- and double-stranded breaks, variation in DNA content and micro-nuclei (MN) incidence in hemocytes. The results revealed that clams collected at polluted sites had reduced DNA strand breaks (lower DNA repair activity), increased DNA content variation and MN frequency in hemocytes. The data revealed that DNA content variation was closely related to MN frequency and negatively with DNA strand breaks formation. Water conductivity was also related to reduced MN frequency and DNA content variation, indicating that, in addition to the effects of pollution, the gradual dilution of saltwater could compromise mussel health.

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Accession: 052440012

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