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Depression and socio-economic risk factors: 7-year longitudinal population study



Depression and socio-economic risk factors: 7-year longitudinal population study



British Journal of Psychiatry 190(): 293-298



Background Low socio-economic status is associated with a higher prevalence of depression, but it is not yet known whether change in socio-economic status leads to a change in rates of depression.Aims To assess whether longitudinal change in socio-economic factors affects change of depression level.Method In a prospective cohort study using the annual Belgian Household Panel Survey (1992-1999), depression was assessed using the Global Depression Scale. Socio-economic factors were assessed with regard to material standard of living, education, employment status and social relationships.Results A lowering in material standard of living between annual waves was associated with increases in depressive symptoms and caseness of major depression. Life circumstances also influenced depression. Ceasing to cohabit with a partner increased depressive symptoms and caseness, and improvement in circumstances reduced them; the negative effects were stronger than the positive ones.Conclusions The study showed a clear relationship between worsening socioeconomic circumstances and depression.

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Accession: 052493121

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17401034

DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.105.020040


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