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Detection of airway occlusion in simulated obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea using ultrasound: an in vitro study



Detection of airway occlusion in simulated obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea using ultrasound: an in vitro study



Conference Proceedings 2010: 284-287



Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) is the most common form of Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) and it is estimated to affect approximately 6% of US adult population. Various methods have been proposed for the development of inexpensive screening methods to detect SDB to reduce the need for costly nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG). By using the existing air in the airway as an ultrasonic contrast agent, we propose a method to examine the narrowing or occlusion of the airway associated with OSAHS events. We describe here an in vitro study that approximates the anatomical and acoustic characteristics of the airway and neck. In this experiment, we simulate the fully open airway as well as apnea and hypopnea events. These in vitro studies results show significant differences in the ultrasonic signals acquired from the open airway model versus those from the model depicting apnea and hypopnea events. Therefore, the findings provide a foundation for development of an ultrasound system to detect SDB in vivo.

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Accession: 052518328

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21096755

DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2010.5627425


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