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Detection of post-exercise stunning by early gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging: results from the IAEA multi-center study



Detection of post-exercise stunning by early gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging: results from the IAEA multi-center study



Journal of Nuclear Cardiology 21(6): 1168-1176



Transient post-ischemic LV dysfunction due to myocardial stunning in patients with coronary artery disease can be missed by conventional gated SPECT (GSPECT) acquisitions. The aim of this IAEA-sponsored multi-center study was to determine whether early post-exercise imaging is more likely to detect stunning than conventional without adversely affecting image quality or perfusion information. Patients undergoing exercise/rest GSPECT were enrolled in this international multicenter study. Post-exercise studies were acquired at 15 ± 5 minutes after radiotracer injection (Stress-1) and repeated at 60 ± 15 minutes (Stress-2). Rest studies (R) were acquired at 60 minutes post injection. A core laboratory quantitatively assessed perfusion pattern and LV blinded to the acquisition time. Ischemia was defined as summed stress score (SDS) ≥4, and stunning was defined as the difference between rest and post-stress LVEF (Δ-LVEF). In the 229 patients enrolled into the study, both image quality and perfusion information were similar between Stress-1 and Stress-2. Post-stress LVEF was associated with both ischemia and time of acquisition, with a significant correlation between SDS and Δ-LVEF, which was stronger at Stress-1 than Stress-2 in the ischemic compared to the non-ischemic population (r = 0.23 vs 0.08, P = 0.10). Early post-exercise imaging is feasible, and can potentially improve the detection of post-ischemic stunning without compromising image quality and perfusion data.

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Accession: 052523028

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PMID: 25213203

DOI: 10.1007/s12350-014-9983-4


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